Please let me now if there are any typos. (:
*All credit goes to my teacher for giving me this sheet on 4 pieces of bright ORANGE
paper. Thanks Mrs.! I will never forget you being my first English teacher in Texas! Stay a pixie! (:
**Examples for the terms who don't have any will be added as time goes on. If you're really confused about one of these, just let me know by VM & I will try to help
Repeated consonant sounds occuring at the beginning of word or within words. Alliteration is used to create melody, establish mood, call attention to important words, and point out similarities and contrasts.Example:We were wide-eyed and wondering while we wait for others to waken.
A literary device a writer uses at the beginning of a story to capture the reader's attention.
Something representing something else.
Interruption in action to tell earlier events.
The use of hints or clues to suggest what action is to come.
Language that appeals to the senses by suggesting how someone or something looks, sounds, feels, smells, or tastes.Example: I could smell the chocolate muffin just inches away from my watery mouth.
A reference to a person, place, event, or literary work that a writer expects a reader to recognize.Example: celebrities, authors, writers, national parks, big cities, theme parks, state fairs.
A quick flash or recognition in which something is usually simple and common seen in a new light.
The type of category of literature, such as fiction or nonfiction.Example: fiction, non-fiction, fantasy, historical fiction.
Prose writing that tells an imaginary story.
Writing that tell about real people, places, and events.
A kind of writing that holds up to ridicule the weaknesses and wrongdoings of individuals, groups, institutions, or humanity in general. (Hopefully nobody writes about anything like a satire
In general, a story which ends happily.
A very short story that is told to make a point.
Deals with serious and important events in which the main character comes to an unhappy end.
A form of literature meant to be performed by actors in front of an audience.
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests.
Direct, specific, (literal) meaning of a word.
A comparison made between two things to show similarities between them.
A reasonable conclusion drawn from information given.
The reason for a character's behavior.
The author's word choice: word types, vocabulary, and vividness of language used.
The audience or reader know something the characters do not.
Contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually happens.
Sarcasm or a play on the double meaning of specific words.
A Struggle between opposing characters or opposing forces; in the plot; it is the essence of fiction. It creates plot. The conflicts we encounter can usually be identified as one of four kinds.
Occurs within the character (inside the heart or mind.)Example: man versus himself.
Occurs outside the character (between the character and something else).Example 1: man versus man.Example 2: man versus nature (wild animals or nature or disease.)Example 3: man versus society.
Point of View
Point of View
The vantage point of perspective from which the writer has chosen to tell a story.
A character is telling the story using pronouns "I" or "We."Example: "I took it upon myself to get to know her."
Third Person Omniscient
All-knowing observer who describes and comments on all character's thoughts and feelings as well as actions.Example: "Sally knew she would have to gather all her strength. She felt a surge os fearful excitement as she plunged into the icy water to rescue the drowning pilot."
Third Person Limited
The "all-knowing" aspect is limited to the minds of a few characters or of a single character. Writer uses the personal pronouns "he, she, they," etc.
A character who goes through changes in the course of the story.
A Character who doesn't change in a story.
A Character who is very interesting and three-dimensional.
The main character in the story.
The character or force that opposes the antagonist.
A Character who provides a contrast to the protagonist.
The reason for a character's behavior.
A message about life or human nature that is conveyed by a literary work.
The writer's attitude toward his or her subject.
Atmosphere or feeling conveyed to the reader.
Includes when and where the story takes place as well as the customs and manners of the society.Example: the setting or novel might include the religious or political beliefs of the character.
The manner or writing...not just what is said, but how
something is said.
The sequence of related events that make up a storyline, including the exposition (conflict), rising action (complications), climax (turning point), falling action, and resolution (denouement.)
The introductory material which gives the settings, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.
Events in a story that move the plot forward and lead to the climax.
The point of highest interest, turing point in the action and story.
Events following the climax that tie up loos ends and lead to the resolution.
Everything is back to normal (or the new normal) and the story is closed.
Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else you are using figurative language. Any language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to furnish new effects or fresh insights into an idea or subject. The most common figures of speech are simile, metaphor and personification.
A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words "like" or "as."Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.
A figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of "be." The comparison is not announces by "like" or "as."Example: The road was a ribbon of moonlight.
A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. It is a comparison which the author uses to show something in an entirely new light, to communicate a certain feeling or attitude towards it and to control the way a reader perceives it.Example: A brave handsome brute fell with a creaking rending cry.--the author is giving the tree human qualities.
The use of words that mimic sounds. They appeal to our sense of hearing and they help bring a description to life. A string of syllables the author has made up to represent the way a sound really sounds.Example: "Caaaraccckleee!"
An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point.Example: She said "like" a ba-zillion times.